You've landed an interview with Goldman Sachs. Well done: you're in a minority. What should you expect? In the past, Goldman Sachs had a reputation for interviewing people until it hurts - putting potential hires through endless interviews with different Goldman staff just to check they'd be a 'fit.'
Not any more. Goldman now uses Hirevue's digital interviewing package to screen juniors. However, if you make it through the Hirevue interview, you'll still encounter a human further down the line.
What will you be asked? Below is a list of all the interview questions candidates claim to have been asked at Goldman recently. Most were asked at entry-level interviews for candidates joining the firm at analyst or associate levels.
While you should prepare for the sorts of questions below, the key thing to know before you interview at Goldman (and this applies to Hirevue interviews too) is that you need to be 100% familiar with everything in your resume. The firm itself says this is the case, and most of the candidates who've interviewed there say they were heavily grilled on the minutiae of their CVs. For example, if you've written that you took a Java programming course in 2017, be ready to talk about it - in depth.
Fit Questions from Goldman Interviews
A team member isn't contributing. You confront them. They still don't contribute. What next?
How do you handle a client who goes against the company policy?
Walk me through your CV.
Which was your preferred class at university?
Your professor accidentally sends you confidential information intended for another student. What do you do?
You are working on a secret project. Your previous manager asks about it. He says he wants information on the project to help with an important decision. What do you do?
What are your strengths?
What are your weaknesses?
Which of your skills and experiences make you appropriate for this job?
What motivates you in life?
What would make you satisfied?
Why Goldman Sachs?
What makes Goldman Sachs different to its competitors?
Why do you want to work for this division of Goldman Sachs?
Why do you want this job at Goldman Sachs?
How do you know you want this job at Goldman Sachs?
Have you ever had any issues with work/life balance?
What skills do you think are required to do this job?
Can you talk about a mistake you made in the past, and how you overcame it?
Who is the most famous and influential person you would like to meet and why?
Can you talk about a challenge you faced in the past? How did you overcome it?
Can you talk through a time you worked with a co-worker? How did you build that relationship?
Can you tell me a time when you failed to meet a deadline?
What's more important: deadlines, or the quality of work?
Can you tell us about an episode where you were short of time for delivering a large project? How did you overcome that?
Can you give an example of a time you streamlined a process?
Talk to me about your previous jobs.
Which part of your previous jobs did you like the least?
What are you strengths?
What are your weaknesses?
Which role do you usually play in a team?
What would your team mates say about working with you?
Why would your team mates choose to work with someone else instead of you?
Would you rather be captain of a losing team or the regular member of a winning team?
Why did you choose your college/university? Why did you choose that subject?
Give an example of a time you acted as a leader.
Give an example of a time you worked with a diverse team.
Describe a time when you worked in a team where there were disagreements.
Describe a time you research a subject of interest to you. How did you go about that?
Would you say you're a perfectionist?
What's been the most important experience of your career? Why?
Can you talk us through a time when you had to decline a client's request? How did you approach that?
Your friend is cheating in a test. He's on his last warning. You're the only one who knows he's cheating. What do you do?
Your mentor asked you to deliver something in 30 minutes, but you have something else due in too. What do you do?
Tell me about yourself. You have three minutes.
Tell me something not on your CV.
IBD (Investment Banking Division) Questions from Goldman Interviews
Walk me through the three different ways of valuing a company.
Walk me through a DCF. What does a DCF do?
Walk me through an LBO analysis.
What factors can lead to the dilution of EPS in an acquisition?
If you are in a business that wants to preserve cash, what type of inventory accounting method would you use (LIFO or FIFO) in a time of rising prices, and why?
You're using multiples to value a company but those multiples are skewed. What do you do?
What is Minority Interest and why do we add it in the Enterprise Value formula?
Why is cash subtracted from Enterprise Value (EV)?
Briefly walk me through a discounted cash flow analysis. (including WACC).
How do you get to free cash flow (FCF) from EBITDA?
If a company raises debt, what happens to its WACC? What might make your answer wrong?
A client in the aerospace industry wants to know about related markets which are impacting his stock price. Which industries and markets do you look at?
Why can’t you use EV/Earnings or Price/EBITDA as valuation metrics?
Discuss a deal you have read about recently.
How do the three financial statements fit together?
Which is the best method of valuing a company and why?
What does shareholders' equity consist of? How does net income affect it?
What will you actually do as an analyst or associate in an investment bank? What attracts you to this?
You're meet the CEO of an industrial company. She wants to know how much her company is worth. Which information do you need?
How does depreciation move throughout the financial statements?
(If you make it through the first round of interviews for IBD at Goldman, you'll be expected to complete a case study interview. There's an example of a GS case study here.)
What does IBD do?
What's the NPV of $1 with a 10% discount rate over 10 years?
You have two companies with the same P/E ratio. What makes their EV/EBITDA different?
How do you choose between a company with a P/E ratio of 8 and another of 10?
You receive a dollar for the rest of your life? What's the value of those dollars today?
Why IBD instead of consulting?
Markets and Risk Questions from Goldman Interviews
How would you value a company which was very successful until recently, but lost market share due to a single event?
How do you define depreciation and how would you show it on financial statements?
Is there an economic slowdown? How did it start?
Where do you see markets trading in three months, six months, nine months?
Which structured equity product would you issue in the current market conditions?
Explain the options Greeks.
Explain what a put option is.
Explain the assumptions behind Black Scholes.
Is gold overpriced?
Are equities overpriced?
What's moving the markets now?
What's happening to market volatility and why?
What's your top stock pick?
What's the beta of a slot machine?
General Motors or Facebook? Why?
How would you hedge against the risk of an Apple bond defaulting?
Why are you better than other candidates on picking stocks?
How should a bank evaluate the creditworthiness of a counter-party?
Pitch a long stock? Pitch a short stock?
How would you invest $1k?
If you had $1bn to invest in global equities, how would you position your portfolio?
You're given information about a company's stock price over a period of 12 months. How do you determine how risky it is?
What's the Monte Carlo method for pricing options? How does it work?
Talk to me about an asset class you're interested in.
What's the first question you would ask a potential client?
Describe a time when you used data to forecast trends.
What are today's 10-year treasury bond returns?
Name a political event you're tracking. How do you expect this to impact the markets?
You have a zero coupon bond and a par bond. Which has higher duration?
What do you think of Bitcoin?
Tech Questions from Goldman Interviews
You are given the opportunity to select one closed door of three, behind one of which there is a prize. The other two doors hide piles of rubble. Once you have made your selection, the gameshow host (called Monty) Hall will open one of the remaining doors, revealing that it does not contain the prize. He then asks you if you would like to switch your selection to the other unopened door, or stay with your original choice. Here is the problem. What do you do? (This is known as the Monty Hall problem.)
Write a piece of code to create a Fibonacci sequence using recursion.
Write a piece of code to create a Fibonacci sequence using the iterative method.
Write a piece of code to determine whether a number is a palindrome.
Write a piece of code to determine whether two words are anagrams.
Write a piece of code to determine whether a binary tree is a binary search tree or not.
Write a piece of code to find the mirror image of a binary tree.
Devise a game similar to Conway's Game of Life.
Write a piece of code to combine fractions from two arrays into a single array.
Write a piece of code to find the most frequently occurring element in an array.
Can you write your own generic Java hashmap from scratch?
You have two arrays of integers. Write a piece of code to output an array that will only have elements found in one, but not both, arrays.
You have a ladder of X steps. You can go up the ladder by taking either one or two steps each time. Write a function to determine how many potential different combinations of one or two steps you could take to the top of the ladder.
Design an elevator.
Given two strings 'X' and 'Y', find the length of the longest common substring.
The egg drop coding question.
Why is a binary tree better than a hash table?
Why is a hash table better than a binary tree?
Why is a binary tree worse than a Monte Carlo simulation?
What's the difference between a process and a thread?
When would you use a thread instead of a process?
How does garbage collection work in Java?
Given n non-negative integers representing an elevation map where the width of each bar is 1, compute how much water it is able to trap after raining. (Also known as the tapping rainwater question)
The N Queen problem.
What are the differences between JS Angular and JS React? Which do you prefer?
What differentiates propositional logic from first order logic? Which is better?
When should you use functional programming vs. objected oriented programming?
How could you set up a recursive function so that a smart language / compiler could evaluate the function and never run out of memory?
Here is a file of employee names, presented as a string. It contains first names and last names. Write a piece of code to returns the most common last name in the list. Consider the complexity of your program: it will need to handle a large dataset in a small amount of time.
Talk me through the concept of inheritance in C++.
Talk me through the Java design patterns you know.
What's a Linked List? Can you build one?
Can you reverse a Linked List?
How would you find the middle element in a Linked List?
How do you delete an element from the middle of a doubly linked list?
How do you find the intersection of two linked lists?
How can you speed up a database query?
What's the difference between Java Heap Space and Stack Memory?
What are abstract classes in Java? What's their purpose?
How would you design a RESTful Application Programming Interface for returning documents that require long processing times, from a multiterabyte storage facility, at request rates of 1/hour vs 1k/second?
Find the maximum value in this binary tree.
What is overloading an interface? Why would you do that?
How would you write a programme to find the biggest number in a list of 10 numbers?
What's Object Oriented Programming?
How does Object Oriented Programming differ from Process Oriented Programming?
What's polymorphism in OOP?
What's inheritance in OOP?
Write a piece of code to find the square root of a double number.
If you had to make a program that could vote for the top three funniest people in the office how would you do that? How would you make it possible to vote on those people?
What's role-based access control? How would you implement it?
How do you calculate linear regression using the least squares method?
Design a distributed file system.
Create a product roadmap for building a product like Amazon's Alexa.
Create a function that can analyze a string array and sort out the words according to their sizes.
Brain Teasers and Other Questions from Goldman Interviews
What is 38 squared?
There are three ants walking along the side of a triangle in any direction at the same speeds. What is the probability that any two of them will eventually collide? Generalize this probability for n ants.
Estimate the value of the tie industry in the UK.
How many airplanes are in the sky above New York City at any moment?
What is the angle between the hour and minute hand of a clock at 3.15?
If you were shrunk to the size of a pencil and put in a blender, how would you get out?
When you heat a sausage in the microwave, the tear is always lengthwise. Why is that?
If I gave you €10m, would you either buy a 5-star hotel in the centre of Paris or five cheap motels along the ring road?
What's the sum of all the numbers between 1 and 100?
Two die are rolled six times. What's the probability of achieving results that sum to six?
You roll two dice for an infinite amount of times, what is the probability that you get a sum of four before a sum of two?
How many times can you expect to flip a coin until the sequence THT is observed?
You have a fair coin which you toss three times. Alice wins if the result is HHT, and Bob wins if it is HTH. What is the probability that Alice wins the game?
How many times can you expect to toss a coin until you get consecutive heads?
What does the operations division do?
Talk to me a bit about our 3rd quarter results.
What's the probability of getting a full house in a poker game?
Add the numbers between 1 and 10.
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